The Yukon is one of North America’s major wilderness attractions; close to 80 percent remains pristine wilderness with 5,000-metre peaks, forested valleys, unspoiled waters and untamed wildlife.
- The Yukon was officially established as a Canadian Territory on June 13, 1898.
- Total area of the Yukon: 483,450 sq.km.
- Total population of the Yukon (June 2007): 32,212
The population of Yukon was higher in 1898 than it is now. Dawson City alone reached a population of over 30,000 at the height of the Klondike Gold Rush.
- The City of Whitehorse: 24,041
- Dawson City: 1,876
- Watson Lake: 1,567
- Haines Junction: 804
While the density of our human population may be low, our wildlife populations are thriving. In the Yukon, people are outnumbered by moose 2 to 1.
- Barren ground caribou: 165,000
- Moose: 70,000
- Mountain sheep: 22,000
- Grizzly bears: 7,000
- Black bears: 10,000
- Birds (in species): 254
- Fish (in species): 38
At least twenty mountains in the St. Elias Range in southwest Yukon exceed 4,000 metres, and more than a handful exceed 5,000 metres. Towering over them all and surrounded by a vast icefields is Mount Logan, Canada's highest peak.
- Mount Logan: 5,959 m
- Mount St. Elias: 5,489 m
- Mount Lucania: 5,226 m
The Yukon is one of North America’s major wilderness attractions: close to 80 per cent remains pristine wilderness. About 10.3 per cent of the territory is fully protected areas. The Yukon has three national parks, six territorial parks and four Canadian Heritage Rivers.
- Kluane National Park: 22,159 sq.km.
- Ivvavik National Park: 9,696 sq.km.
- Vuntut National Park: 4,376 sq.km.
- Tombstone Territorial Park: 2,113 sq.km
- Herschel Island 'Qikiqtaruk' Territorial Park: 113 sq.km.
- Coal River Springs Territorial Park: 16 sq.km.
- Fishing Branch 'Ni'iinlii'njik' Territorial Park: 5,383 sq.km.
- Kusawa Territorial Park: 3,210 sq.km
- Asi Keyi Territorial Park: 3,024 sq.km
- Canadian Heritage Rivers: Bonnet Plume, Tatshenshini, Alsek, Thirty Mile (Yukon River)
Extensive lake and river systems crisscross the Yukon. The territory has several significant watersheds, though almost two-thirds of the territory is drained by the mighty Yukon River.
- The Yukon River is the second longest river in Canada, flowing 3,185 km from northern British Columbia to the Bering Sea. The territory's largest lakes - Kluane, Teslin, Bennett and Laberge - are located near the headwaters of the Yukon River. Major tributaries include the Donjek, White, Klondike, MacMillan, McQuesten, Stewart, Nisutlin, Teslin, Big Salmon, Pelly, Porcupine and Ross rivers.
- The Alsek River flows through southwestern Yukon to the Gulf of Alaska.
- The Liard River flows through southeastern Yukon into the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories.
- The Peel River drains the Wernecke and Oglivie mountains in northeastern Yukon. The tributaries of the Peel are the Snake, Bonnet Plume, Wind, Hart, Ogilvie and Blackstone rivers.
- The Firth, Babbage and Blow Rivers flow northward through the Yukon's North Slope to the Beaufort Sea.
Yukon First Nation Language Groups
- Vuntut Gwitchin, Han, Northern Tutchone, Southern Tutchone, Upper Tanana, Kaska, Tagish and Tlingit.
Official emblems and symbols of the Yukon
- Bird: Raven - The raven is seen everywhere in Yukon. It is a very intelligent bird and an opportunistic feeder, feasting on everything from carrion to groceries left in the back of pick-up trucks. The raven is called "Crow" by Yukon First Nations people and is the subject of many stories passed from generation to generation.
- Flower: Fireweed - Fireweed is a hardy plant and grows along Yukon roadsides, river bars and clearings from mid-July to September. Its blooms are a bright magenta, making it one of the most attractive plants in the North. It’s also one of the first plants to appear after a forest fire.
- Gemstone: Lazulite - Azure-blue lazulite is the only semi-precious gemstone found in any quantity in the territory. Lazulite is a rare and beautiful phosphorous-based mineral. As a cut stone it is relatively soft and can be scratched with a knife. The colour and crystalline qualities of Yukon's lazulite are among the finest in the world.
Yukon is world renowned as a legendary land imbued with gold rush history, frontier spirit and first nation culture. Listen to what fellow media travellers have to say about Yukon.